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Margsheersh Ekadashi – Geeta Jayanti

मासानां मार्गशीर्षोऽहम्...

Masanaām Margsheershoham

(Am Margsheersh amongst the months)…

Today is the day when the divine song Shreemad Bhagwad Geeta was sung on the battlefield of Kurukshetra…

A song of reckoning between –

Arjun, the warrior and Krishna, his charioteer…

Arjun, the seeker and Krishna, the guide…

Arjun, the friend and Krishna, the divine friend…

Arjun, the disciple and Krishna, his teacher

But the Geeta begins with the question of Dhritrashtra (the blind king – blind in love for his kids) asking his charioteer Sanjay
धर्मक्षेत्रे कुरुक्षेत्रे समवेता युयुत्सवः |
मामकाः पाण्डवाश्चैव किमकुर्वत सञ्जय ||1||

It is no coincidence that all 4 characters of the Geeta are related in as the warrior and his charioteer. Both Arjun and Dhritrashtra are warriors and both Krishna and Sanjay are charioteers respectively. Just as the charioteer guides the chariot through the battlefield, so does the God and His song, Shreemad Bhagwad Geeta, guides us through our battlefield of life.

Coming back to the reference to the first Shlok of Geeta, it conveys the essence of the whole battle. मामकाः पाण्डव (mine and yours). Our life is full of mine and your (not mine / other). We are stuck in this war and Geeta guides us out of this battle. Geeta explains the beautiful concept of “Dharma”- the way, the thought, the concept of deciding between mine and your. Had Dhritrashtra not fallen for this difference between his own sons and his brother Pandu’s sons, the battle wouldn’t have happened! So, in a way, Dhritrashtra is one of the many reasons for Humanity to be blessed by the divine guidance of the Geeta. And maybe so the first Shlok of the whole song begins with him. Never to be heard again during the whole song.

Mine and your can be understood in many ways. One of the ways that Geeta teaches me and I understand it is that we are all one as the divine manifests within us all. So we cannot be two different entities but two parts of the same entity. And so he exists everywhere and within everything. HE is OMNIPRESENT.

Will quote a few shloks of the Chapter 10 through whom the Lord has described His various manifestations.
आदित्यानामहं विष्णुर्ज्योतिषां रविरंशुमान् |
मरीचिर्रुतामस्मि नक्षत्राणामहं शशी || 21||
(Amongst the twelve sons of Aditi I am Vishnu; amongst luminous objects I am the Sun. Know me to be Marichi amongst the Maruts, and the moon amongst the stars in the night sky.)
वेदानां सामवेदोऽस्मि देवानामस्मि वासव: |
इन्द्रियाणां मनश्चास्मि भूतानामस्मि चेतना || 22||
(I am the Sāma Veda amongst the Vedas, and Indra amongst the celestial Gods. Amongst the senses I am the mind; amongst the living beings I am consciousness.)
रुद्राणां शङ्करश्चास्मि वित्तेशो यक्षरक्षसाम् |
वसूनां पावकश्चास्मि मेरु: शिखरिणामहम् || 23||
(Amongst the Rudras know me to be Shankar; amongst the demons I am Kuber. I am Agni amongst the Vasus and Meru amongst the mountains.)
पुरोधसां च मुख्यं मां विद्धि पार्थ बृहस्पतिम् |
सेनानीनामहं स्कन्द: सरसामस्मि सागर: || 24||
(O Arjun, amongst priests I am Brihaspati; amongst warrior chiefs I am Kartikeya; and amongst reservoirs of water know me to be the ocean.)
अश्वत्थ: सर्ववृक्षाणां देवर्षीणां च नारद: |
गन्धर्वाणां चित्ररथ: सिद्धानां कपिलो मुनि: || 26||
(Amongst trees I am the banyan tree; of the celestial sages I am Narad. Amongst the Gandharvas I am Chitrath, and amongst the siddhas I am the sage Kapil.)
उच्चै:श्रवसमश्वानां विद्धि माममृतोद्भवम् |
ऐरावतं गजेन्द्राणां नराणां च नराधिपम् || 27||
(Amongst horses know me to be Ucchaihshrava, begotten from the churning of the ocean of nectar. I am Airavata amongst all lordly elephants, and the king amongst humans.)

The Lord goes on…
आयुधानामहं वज्रं धेनूनामस्मि कामधुक् |
प्रजनश्चास्मि कन्दर्प: सर्पाणामस्मि वासुकि: || 28||
(I am the Vajra (thunderbolt) amongst weapons and Kamadhenu amongst the cows. I am Kaamdev, the god of love, amongst all causes for procreation; amongst serpents I am Vasuki.)
अनन्तश्चास्मि नागानां वरुणो यादसामहम् |
पितृणामर्यमा चास्मि यम: संयमतामहम् || 29||
(Amongst the snakes I am Anant; amongst aquatics I am Varun. Amongst the departed ancestors I am Aryama; amongst dispensers of law I am Yamraj, the lord of death.)
प्रह्लादश्चास्मि दैत्यानां काल: कलयतामहम् |
मृगाणां च मृगेन्द्रोऽहं वैनतेयश्च पक्षिणाम् || 30||
(I am Prahlad amongst the demons; amongst all that controls I am time. Know me to be the lion amongst animals, and Garud amongst the birds.)
पवन: पवतामस्मि राम: शस्त्रभृतामहम् |
झषाणां मकरश्चास्मि स्रोतसामस्मि जाह्नवी || 31||
(Amongst purifiers I am the wind, and amongst wielders of weapons I am Lord Ram. Of water creatures I am the crocodile, and of flowing rivers I am the Ganges.)
सर्गाणामादिरन्तश्च मध्यं चैवाहमर्जुन |
अध्यात्मविद्या विद्यानां वाद: प्रवदतामहम् || 32||
(O Arjun, know me to be the beginning, middle, and end of all creation. Amongst sciences I am the science of spirituality, and in debates I am the logical conclusion.)
अक्षराणामकारोऽस्मि द्वन्द्व: सामासिकस्य च |
अहमेवाक्षय: कालो धाताहं विश्वतोमुख: || 33||
(I am the beginning “A” amongst all letters; I am the dual word in grammatical compounds. I am the endless Time, and amongst creators I am Brahma.)
मृत्यु: सर्वहरश्चाहमुद्भवश्च भविष्यताम् |
कीर्ति: श्रीर्वाक्च नारीणां स्मृतिर्मेधा धृति: क्षमा || 34||
(I am the all-devouring Death, and I am the origin of those things that are yet to be. Amongst feminine qualities I am fame, prosperity, fine speech, memory, intelligence, courage, and forgiveness.)
बृहत्साम तथा साम्नां गायत्री छन्दसामहम् |
मासानां मार्गशीर्षोऽहमृतूनां कुसुमाकर: || 35||
(Amongst the hymns in the Sāma Veda know me to be the Brihatsama; amongst poetic meters I am the Gayatri. Of the twelve months of the Hindu calendar I am Margsheersh, and of seasons I am spring, which brings forth flowers.)
द्यूतं छलयतामस्मि तेजस्तेजस्विनामहम् |
जयोऽस्मि व्यवसायोऽस्मि सत्वं सत्ववतामहम् || 36||
(I am the gambling of the cheats and the splendor of the splendid. I am the victory of the victorious, the resolve of the resolute, and the virtue of the virtuous.)
वृष्णीनां वासुदेवोऽस्मि पाण्डवानां धनञ्जय: |
मुनीनामप्यहं व्यास: कवीनामुशना कवि: || 37||
(Amongst the descendants of Vrishni, I am Krishna, and amongst the Pandavas I am Arjun. Know me to be Ved Vyas amongst the sages, and Shukracharya amongst the great thinkers.)
दण्डो दमयतामस्मि नीतिरस्मि जिगीषताम् |
मौनं चैवास्मि गुह्यानां ज्ञानं ज्ञानवतामहम् || 38||
(I am just punishment amongst means of preventing lawlessness, and proper conduct amongst those who seek victory. Amongst secrets I am silence, and in the wise I am their wisdom.)

My readers, it might be a long read for all of you, but just read and reread and think about the manifestations of the Lord are! What has the Lord left out?! From living to Non living, everything. Even if we are to realise and understand that God is omnipresent and also that He is within me too, and as He resides in me, He resides in other too. The question of mine and your just becomes inconsequential.

It is after listening to all this, that Arjun asks the Lord to reveal His cosmic self. And the Lord is more than delighted to reveal Himself.

HE is called out by Arjun as YOGESHWAR, in Chapter 11, out of love and curiosity to know HIS form and so Arjun asks :
मन्यसे यदि तच्छक्यं मया द्रष्टुमिति प्रभो |
योगेश्वर ततो मे त्वं दर्शयात्मानमव्ययम् ||11/ 4||( OLord of all mystic powers, if you think I am strong enough to behold it, then kindly reveal that imperishable cosmic form to me.)

At this juncture, let us also understand that God is called as Yogeshwar at 3 places in Shreemad Bhagwad Geeta. One is already mentioned above and the next two times in Chapter 18.
व्यासप्रसादाच्छ्रुतवानेतद्गुह्यमहं परम् |
योगं योगेश्वरात्कृष्णात्साक्षात्कथयत: स्वयम् || 18/75||

(By the grace of Veda Vyas, I have heard this supreme and most secret Yog from the Lord of Yog, Shree Krishna himself.)
यत्र योगेश्वर: कृष्णो यत्र पार्थो धनुर्धर: |
तत्र श्रीर्विजयो भूतिध्रुवा नीतिर्मतिर्मम ||18/ 78||

(Wherever there is Shree Krishna, the Lord of all Yog, and wherever there is Arjun, the supreme archer, there will also certainly be unending opulence, victory, prosperity, and righteousness. Of this, I am certain.)

He is called Yogeshwar with a reason. As when He speaks He is the God Himself and not His incarnation, Krishna. Param Pujaniya Pandurang Shashtriji Athavale points this distinction during his discourses. He goes on to explain that in the whole of Mahabharat, Ved Vyas has used Krishna Uvach (thus speaketh Krishna), but in Shreemad Bhagwad Geeta, Ved Vyas has written Shree Bhagwaan Uvach (thus speaketh the Lord).[Here need to point out that Shreemad Bhagwad Geeta is a part of the Mahabharat] He further points out that while guiding Arjun, it is the Lord, our charioteer of Life, who is speaking.

So, on this divine day am reminded of the words of Arjun spoke after getting the guidance from the Lord, which I quote thus :
नष्टो मोह: स्मृतिर्लब्धा त्वत्प्रसादान्मयाच्युत |
स्थितोऽस्मि गतसन्देह: करिष्ये वचनं तव || 18/73||

So, readers I urge upon you to try to read Geeta, learn Geeta, understand Geeta and try to put Her thoughts into action.

MAY THE LORD AND HIS DIVINE MESSAGE LEAD US UNTO HIS PATH AND THROUGH THE PATH UNTO HIM .

Author:

Am a teacher by profession. A student of History and international politics. Believe that Bhakti (Devotion) and Humanism can only save Humanity. Revere all creation. My thoughts are influenced by His Holiness Pandurang Shashtriji Athavale

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